All about Internet Of Things

This is a central issue! Obviously, the Internet of things is the following innovative unrest that guarantees to change the way we live and the way we work. So what is IoT? According to the most basic IoT experts/influencer, Internet of things will be an unavoidable advancement. It will navigate its assets transversely finished different divisions:

  • Transportation

  • Human services

  • Assembling

  • Retail

  • Savvy urban communities

  • Horticulture

In another word, Internet of Things definition: The vast network of devices connected to the Internet, including advanced mobile phones and tablets and nearly anything with a sensor on it – cars, machines in production plants, jet engines, oil drills, wearable devices, and more. These “things” gather and trade information IoT – and the machine-to-machine (M2M) technology behind it – are bringing a kind of “super visibility” to about each industry. Imagine utilities and telcos that can predict and prevent service outages, airlines that can remotely monitor and optimise plane performance, and healthcare organisations that can base treatment on real-time genome analysis. The business possibilities are endless.

What is the Internet of things?

IOT

If you come here to examine this post, it is in light of the way that you need to see what is Internet of things. So let attempt to answer this request. As an issue of first significance, it is difficult to answer to it because of its unavoidable point. To appreciate what is IoT,it is urgent to withdraw in the time.

The first time, the term Internet of Things was formally seen was in 2005, when the ITU Internet Reports 2005 discussed Internet of things and gave the primary definition:

The Internet of things (stylised Internet of Things or IoT) is the internetworking of physical gadgets, vehicles (additionally alluded to as “associated gadgets” and “savvy gadgets”), structures and distinctive things—installed with hardware, programming, sensors, actuators, and system network that enable these articles to accumulate and exchange data.

So in this definition, the answer to the question what is IoT (Internet of Things), is identified with the ubiquitous network, or a pervasive network that associates everything all over the place. During the last year, the meaning of IoT has been advanced and developed. There are a few definitions addressing different IoT aspects.

For example, Wikipedia defines IoT as:

The Internet of things (stylised Internet of Things or IoT) is the internetworking of physical devices, vehicles (also referred to as “connected devices” and “smart devices”), buildings and other items—embedded with electronics, software, sensors, actuators, and network connectivity that enable these objects to collect and exchange data.

IoT is much more than a network of smartphones, tablets, computers that talk each other exchanging data. IoT covers all the “things” around us. Generally speaking, Internet of things is an environment, or an ecosystem, where smart objects (including of course smartphones and so on) connect each other. These smart objects are always , anytime, anywhere connected. They exchange data, sending it to the cloud. IoT cloud platforms collect this data analyse the information. As result, they activate other processes. Moreover, the analysis result is useful to make predictions. There are several IoT projects that use this paradigm.

Indeed, even the name Internet of things (IoT) is not one of a kind, there are different names that address similar ideas. For instance, IoT is named Internet of Everything (IoE) or Smart Things. Anyway, a similar idea and thought remain behind these terms.

Everything can interface with the Internet to send and get information. Therefore, IoT covers all our life perspectives.

What accurately is an IoT Platform ?

To enter the blossoming( to Grow ) IoT industry and build up their own smart, related products and services, enterprises must develop the latest technology infrastructure. At the center of this foundation is the IoT platform. The IoT platform is a collection of components that allow :

  • Deployment of applications that monitor, handle, and control connected devices

  • Remote data collection from connected devices

  • Free and secure connectivity between devices

  • Device/sensor operations

  • Integration with 3rd party systems

The IoT platform is available independently between the hardware and the application layers of the IoT technology stack. The reasonable platform might be utilized with each and every single connected device and match in with device applications, and allow implementation of IoT features and functions into any device in the same manner.

What is a Smart object?

As defined above, Internet of things is an environment of smart objects. So the next step is defining what smart object means. An object is smart when it is able to connect to the Internet and exchange data. An object can be a simple sensor that measures the temperature, the pressure etc. It must be able to connect to the network and send the measured data. Another smart object, significantly more complex, is a smart watch. It can monitor our health for example, or, more generally speaking, wearable objects.

As you can see, there are infinite possibilities to create smart objects. If we extend this concept, a car can be a smart object, once it will be connected to the network. Our oven and our fridge are some examples of smart objects. Even our home can be connected to the network.

So when an object gets smart? An object is smart when it has a special identifier (ID) so we can reference it when it sends and receives information. Thus an object is smart when it is connected. Optionally, it can have set of sensors to “sense” it’s general surroundings.

Moreover, IoT prototyping boards play an important role. These boards simplify the process of prototyping IoT projects. Just to name a few of these devices, we can remember Arduino, Raspberry PI, ESP and so on.

How smart objects exchange data?

One important aspect in IoT (the Internet of things) is how these smart objects talk each other. There are several IoT protocols available. Even if we can use protocols like HTTP, there are others much more efficient and suitable in the IoT ecosystem. There are two important constraints that must be considered when using smart objects:

  • power consumption

  • computational power.

These two factors need using efficient protocols with small overhead. There are several protocols available:

  • MQTT

  • CoAP

  • AMQP

and so on. If you want to know more about them, look at my post about IoT protocols.

The Internet of things Security and Privacy

There are two important aspects regarding internet of thing:

  • Security

  • Privacy

These two aspects play an important role on the internet of thing future. Considering that all these devices are connected to the network they can be used to attack servers. Then the problem is how we can secure the

communication between billions of smart objects. The perception of the security problem is growing after the recent attacks made using IoT devices. There are different strategies available to address this concern and the market big players are providing several solutions to this problem. You can refer to this link to have a deeper understanding of internet of things security.

Another important aspect, related to the security, is the privacy. As you already know, there is a huge amount of information exchanged between smart object. Some part of this data can be sensitive: you can think about medical information.

These two themes will shape the Internet of things.

At the end of this post, hopefully, you get an overview of what is IoT (Internet of things).

You can know more about iot app development at our blog- How to Develop Internet of Things Applications?

 

At Solace, IoT Development is a strength of ours in which we take great pride. If you’re interested in adopting IoT for your business, then you might need some help getting started. Solace expert’s are here to help you with IoT development. Contact us for any for any IoT development that set you on your way to business growth.

 

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