The main thing for client is that, the application should perform correctly. Fulfillment of the application performance is somewhat depend on the choice of technology. Technology directly affects the application performance. The inverse is likewise valid – the sort of application impacts the technology determination. Hence here we are going to discuss about selection of technology stack for web application development and what criteria should we use in the process.
Another angle that we might want to bring up is the impact of the innovation stack on the project cost. Some tools are open-source and free to use whereas others are licensed. The project cost with performance should be considered when selecting the technology. In addition, web application development doesn’t stop with the initial release – any working application requires ceaseless help and support. Realizing the technology stack used during improvement will make further updates simpler, regardless of whether you choose to change the development service provider.
What is a Technology Stack?
Technology stack is a set of tools and frameworks that are used in software product development. In web development, the innovation stack comprises of a quite certain arrangement of segments that work together to make a working web application. Let’s start with the main parts of technology stack- Front end and Back end. Front end is also called is client-side and Back end is also known as server side. Each of these parts performs specific functions and includes a corresponding set of tools.
Front- end, or Client- side-
The front-end components allow the user interaction with the application. With regards to web applications, such interaction occurs in the browser and is conceivable gratitude to the accompanying parts:
- HTML (Hypertext Markup Language)- Defines the structure of the information presented in the browser
- CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)- Determines the style of the application content (colors, fonts, and layouts).
Most of the web applications are developed with Bootstrap as a framework for HTML and CSS. Bootstrap is the most popular framework. As an option you can also use Foundation. It is the second most used after Bootstrap and shows good performance. For front-end development Angular and React, both are known for their high performance and flexibility. Both of these frameworks have huge community support. Vue.js is another choice for front-end. It is more recommendable because of its lightweight structure and versatility.
Back- end, or Server- side-
The back-end of the improvement stack incorporates more components, and also there are a lot more alternatives to look over here. Back-end responsible for implementation of business logic. Back-end tech stacks includes-
- Operating system
- Web server processing requests from the browser and returning the corresponding content.
- Database storing the app data.
- Programming language used to create the app code.
- Web development framework for faster and also easier development. The web framework directly depends on the choice of the programming language.
Most popular technology stack-
It is based on the Python programming language. It also uses the Apache web server and MySQL database, as well as the Django framework. Developers prefer this stack for the possibility of quick development keeping the high level of quality. Many projects opt for Python- Django when creating their MVPs and other time- critical products.
LAMP stands for Linux (operating system), Apache (web server), MySQL (database), PHP (programming language). It is the most popular back-end stack because of its scalability, security and high customization options. Most of the developers prefer Linux as the operating system. The same stack can be used with Windows or Mac OS.
How to pick the right web technology stack?
Choosing web development tool that will work best for your project is a difficult task. You should choose a technology stack by analyzing your project requirements and specifications.
1. Project type and size-
The size and complexity of your project is an important factor to determine the stack that you choose to develop it.
You can use Python-Django or Node.js– React stack for small projects. If your MVP format id landing page, then you can use WordPress.
Mid- size projects–
Online stores or enterprise applications, require a more complex stack with multiple layers and different languages. Such an app can be delivered with a MEAN, MERN or LAMP stack and be expected to perform well.
Projects such as social networks and global marketplaces, have higher requirements such as scalability, speed and maintainability. Their development is a combination of tools, languages, and technologies ensuring effective performance and customer satisfaction. Many large projects prefer Angular-Node.js, Python-Django or Ruby on Rails as their core technologies.
2. Time to market-
The technology stack may impact your time to market in the manner it supports reusable segments and outsider integrations. Tools and frameworks allow easy integration. It speed up the development process and hence reduce the time to market. In this regard, the MEAN stack offers very noteworthy opportunities for its adaptable way to deal with third-party code. Another factor that can impact an opportunity to market is your developers’ expertise. If the team in well known about the tools that form a stack, they will begin all the more effectively and invest less energy in the undertaking. Here you can likewise consider the quality of documentation as it might have its impact in the selection of tools. For instance, PHP has an important factor- excellent documentation.
If you need your application to develop with your business, start accommodating its adaptability during the improvement. Your app can scale in two directions:
- Scale up, or vertically – allowing you to add other software for new tasks
- Scale out, or horizontally – allowing it to handle increased volumes of requests
The tools you decide for your technology stack may have diverse scalability potentials, and that ought to be considered when making the decision.
For example, the components of the MEAN stack – namely, Angular and Node.js – have proved to have superb scalability possibilities. Thus, MEAN can be your stack of choice if scalability is critical for your web app.
4. Cost of development-
The vast majority of the web development tools and frameworks are open-source. Their licenses allow free and unrestricted use and modification. This creates a great possibilities for their development and maintenance.
The availability of developers and their salaries can affect the cost of development depending on the selected stack. This is because developer’s salary is directly related to the technology they work with and the total number of professionals in the same field.
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