How You Can Switch Your Apps From Objective C To Swift?

How You Can Switch Your Apps From Objective C To Swift

When Apple Inc. has released the first iPhone SDK in 2007 and insist outsider developers to make iPhone applications, it has declared Objective-C as official iOS programming language supporting Xcode as a development tool and IDE. Swift offers many advantages like, writing less code, less maintenance of apps, speed up app development process, less bugs and crashes, strong security and so on. If you have been working on Objective C, it is the right time to shift over Swift. A large number of the well known iOS applications like Yahoo, LinkedIn, Lyft, Weather and so on have effectively headed out from Objective-C to Swift effectively.

Also know, Swift VS Objective-C: What language to Choose in 2019?

Objective C to Swift Converter-

Apple offers modern Objective-C converter in X-code. This helps developers to do some significant things during conversion. These things are – Implementing Enum Macros, Changing ID to Instance Type, helps in updating @proprty syntax. We should keep in mind that converter helps in detection and also implementation of mechanics of potential changes. It will never represent the semantics of the code. It implies iOS developers need to go manually for alterations and improve the quality of Swift code also. To use converter in X code-

Edit → Convert → To Modern Objective-C Syntax

Tips While Using Objective C to Swift Converter-

Switch apps from Objective C to Swift

1. Convert One Class at a Time-

Always remember that, you cannot convert all your code from Objective-C to Swift at once. To do this, you have to choose one class at a time. A few classes are written in Swift while others in Objective-C. And you get a hybrid target once the Swift file added to Objective-C application target. Swift can’t have subclasses. Hence you can pick two files to be specific a header file, which is .h and contains @interface section and a .m file that contains @implementation section. You don’t need to develop a header file as the .m document imports the .h file if it needs to refer to a class.

2. Creating a Bridging Header-

When you include an Objective-C file into Swift target or vice versa, you will have opportunities to develop a bridging header file. Hence, when you import (.h) record into bridging over header, it gets visible to Swift.

3. Performing the Nil Checks-

In the Objective-C programming when a message is sent to a nil object, you eventually get a zero value in return. Hence, if you need to avoid  this from getting a nil value, it is necessary to opt for the nil checks according to the requirements. Normally, you get it as a generic enum-

public enum Optional<Wrapped> : _Reflectable, NilLiteralConvertible

In a normal case you get both of  two; a value of Wrapped type or a value that doesn’t exist.

4. Wrapped Value-

With swift you have another benefit. You also get the syntactic sugar for stating the types optional. It enables you to substitute the Optional<String> with String? You can get the wrapped value from the elective container utilizing two techniques- Optional Chaining and Forced Wrapping. In the primary case, it is used if the conditional statement acquires a value in case of its existence. With second case, the conditional statement isn’t nil. In the event that it contains a variable you would get an outcome without applying conditions or else it would crash. The completely unwrapped optional in Swift is known as the String. It can be shown through an example:

class ExampleClass {
   var nonOptionalString: String
   var unwrappedOptionalString: String!
   var optionalString: String?
   init(string: String) {
       nonOptionalString = string
   }
}

All things considered, you can go over three possibilities which can land at this point.

  1. The first is that of nonoptinalString. It’s value will never be a zero. It should contain a variable when object is getting initialized or it will crash.
  2. Next is unwrappedOptionalString where the value of string is nil. Thus, if you are trying to get over a nothing value object, the program will crash.
  3. Last is optionalString where the string remains nil yet is taken as a normal optional variable.

Along these lines, when composing the Objective-C code, better categorize your variables into two distinct classes; Nullable and _Nonnull type annotation.

Therefore, the earlier indicated illustration would resemble something like this:

@interface ExampleClass: NSObject
@property (nonatomic, strong) NSString * _Nonnull nonOptionalString;
@property (nonatomic, strong) NSString *unwrappedOptionalString;
@property (nonatomic, strong) NSString * _Nullable optionalString;
- (instancetype)initWithString:(nonnull NSString *string);
@end

5. Tuples-

Apple has also presented new development language called Tuples. It groups different values into one compound value and is a better tool in the event that you are developing a model at a place and directly isn’t easy to understand.

6. Extensions-

The extensions in the Objective-C language are combined into a single entity in Swift. It offers another functionality to the current class, structure and protocol and there is no need to avail the source code for extending types.

7. Enumerations-

The Objective-C limits the code enumerations to the primitive types only.

If you want to map the integer enumeration value to the consequent strings for demonstrating results to the user or sending to the backend an array is required.

But, Swift makes you convenient as you don’t need to experience these complexities. It is offering new enumerations with more options.

enum ExampleEnum {
    case ExOne, ExTwo, ExThree
}

It can store the related values and you can store raw values in Swift enumerations using it like as Objective-C.

enum AnotherExampleEnum {
   case ExOne(String, Int)
   case ExTwo(Int)
}

8. Subscripts-

These are generally used to get data from a group or group of classes’ structures or enumerations without utilizing any technique. Subscripts help in regaining the values by index and as such you don’t need to store or retrieve. The elements in Array instance can be seen as someArray (index) and for Directory instance as someDictionary [key]. Just follow the syntax:

subscript (index: Int) -> Int {
get {
//for declaring subscript value
}
set (newValue) {
//for defining values
}
}

9. Type Implication-

Type safety for the iOS development usually refers to an integer which is declared with a specific type. It can not be altered and remains fixed. The compiler decides what variable type will continue as indicated by the given value.

For example:

var str = "One String"
// OR
var str2:String
Str2 = "Second String"

When you are attempting to start by putting number values to a str2 variable, the compiler is said to show an error.

Str2 = 10 //error: Cannot put value of type 'Int' to type 'String'

10. Function-

Swift offers a simpler approach with regards to the function syntax. Each function includes a type. And type contains function’s parameter types and return type. It allows you to either allocate a function to variable or pass it as a value. The application developers can also give default value to parameter.

func stringCharacterscount (s: String) -> Int
   {
return s.characters.count
   }
func stringToInt (s: String) -> Int
   {
if let a = Int (s)
   {
return a
   }
return 0
   }
func executeSuccessor (f: String -> Int, s: String) -> Int
   {
Return f(s). successor()
   }
let f1 = stringCharacterscount
let f2 = stringToInt
 
executeSuccessor (f1, s: "5555") //5
executeSuccessor (f2, s: "5555") //5556

11. Dealing with Errors-

In this way, when you are managing the errors in Objective-C you need to use the reference to NSError variable. But, if this approach is not appropriate, you need to develop an NSError instance and write to passed variable. You need to check the error parameter and verify that it is non-nil.

- (nonnull NSString *)exampleMethod:(nonnull NSString *)param error:(NSError **)error {
   if (!param.length) {
       *error = [NSError errorWithDomain:[NSBundle mainBundle].bundleIdentifier code:-10 userInfo:nil];
   return nil;
   }
   // do work
}

In case of Swift you get circulating, throwing, catching and controlling errors that can be recovered.

Conversion Process-

  1. Choose a pair of (.h) and (.m) files you want to convert.
  2. Search #import “MyViewController.h” across the code document and remove it.
  3. In all .m files, you have to replace #import “[filename].h” instances with #import “[MyProject]-Swift.h”
  4. In all the .h files, replace @class [filename] with #import “[filename].h”
  5. Transform Objective C files to Swift using Swiftify Xcode Extension
  6. The .h and .m files have to be replaced from project with the converted .swift file.
  7. Now, it is time to fix the conversion error, and Swiftify extension can help you in this regard.
  8. Now, you can build and run the project smoothly.
  9. If you have chosen to convert the entire project, you can transform AppDelegate class now.

Conclusion

Swift has rightly become one of the top options for the swift developers. With this new programming language, Apple offers a few advantages over Objective-C. Most developers have just decided to convert their applications from Objective C to Swift. The transformation must be done cautiously without missing any step. Also you need an experienced professional to carry out this job. 

If you are thinking to do the same, connect with solace team. Hire dedicated ios developers of the Solace team who are well proficient in new trends and technologies and will surely give you the best solution as you desire. We will be happy to help you.

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