Node.JS vs Golang: Which One to Choose?

The backend of your application is truly the most essential part of your product. There are multiple factors that define the quality of an app, such as its ability to perform well and scale smoothly as well as the maintainability of code and overall system security. All of this depends directly on the quality of the web application’s backend. Hence it’s important to choose the right tool for your project. We are as of now mindful that Node.js is a popular and widely utilized open source server environment, which allows you to run the JavaScript on the server. The Node.js is based on the Chrome’s JavaScript runtime making quick and more scalable network applications.

Node.js isn’t the only backend development yet you have another renowned Google programming language known as the Go, which is additionally alluded to as the Golang. Golang is a programming language that is statically typed and well compiled after the syntax structure of C. It is fundamentally utilized for writing the codes that can be implemented on the server-side. Golang has goroutines and channels that are more than useful to altogether improve the networking development. It is a programming language that gives more inclination to the concurrency and speed. Subsequently, it would be a lot of reasonable to make a good comparison with the Google’s two most popular backend development dependent on various essential highlights and different factors.

Node.JS vs Golang-

Node.JS vs Golang

1. Performance-

Performance incredibly influences an application’s load and response times. Hence, it legitimately influences customer loyalty with your application. Most developers bring up to the conclusion that Go demonstrates a similar performance as C and C++, which is great. Go has no virtual machine and compiles to machine code, so projects are executed rapidly without warm- up time. Additionally, Go has built in garbage collector that monitors and distinguishes occupied memory that is never again required and frees it for reuse. This reduces the risk of security vulnerabilities because of code encapsulation and gives viable memory management. Go is a perfect solution for building microservices because of small memory footprints and fast performance of Go apps also the convenience of statically linked binaries.

Node.js is considered one of the best backend solutions for some reasons: 

  • Node.js uses the V8 engine which, to date, is considered the fastest JavaScript engine. 
  • Code of Node.js is reusable. This is crucial for event-based applications that update data in real time, and it’s widely used for instant messaging, video chats, and online gaming. 
  • Node.js inherited its asynchronous and non-blocking nature from JavaScript. This means that small tasks are performed in the background and don’t affect the main thread. 

Regarding performance, Go is the unquestionable pioneer. Yet, in actuality, Node.js and Go show similarly great performance.

2. The Concurrency-

The significant difference between the Node.js and the Go is that while the previous uses the event called mechanism, the latter is utilizing the co-routines known as Goroutines. The mechanism depends on the single-thread and this where the Node.js lacks behind the Go language. 

In any case, it is offering the async generator support known as the semi-co-routines. In actuality, the Go language utilizes a lightweight thread that is overseen by the Go runtime. The collaborations between the Goroutines become a lot simpler because of the channels.

3. Scalability and Concurrency-

Concurrency is the ability of a program to organize its execution into a few separate streams and convey between them. Concurrent programming techniques are a decent method to utilize the CPU proficiently and increase application performance. Concurrency is a fundamental factor for big business scale applications or applications that need to deal with a huge number of requests at the same time. The more concurrent an application is, the less possibility the application will crash under high load. Go is a great tool for enormous software projects. With channels and goroutines, concurrency is a solid side of Go. Goroutines are strategies or functions that kept running in parallel with different techniques or functions. 

Goroutines are lightweight: their underlying size is just 4 KB, compared with operating system threads, which are at first 1 MB. The Go environment enables developers to run a large number of goroutines simultaneously without utilizing an excessive amount of RAM. Information between two Goroutines is passed through channels that hide the complexity and allow you to structure your projects in a maintainable way. Since Node.js is single-threaded, some of the time CPU-bound tasks block the event loop and slow down your program. Subsequently, you get a slow application and irritated clients.

4. Dealing with the Pitfalls-

When for this situation, the Node.js is a reasonable champ as utilizes the catch mechanism where it becomes a lot simpler to distinguish where the bug is. Besides, a considerable lot of the developers are likewise acquainted with this procedure of error checking as it is more common and conventional method. Presently discussing Golang, it utilizes an explicit error checking technique and the troubleshooting turns out to be progressively a complicated task. The program is on the run and the error codes are returned later. Be that as it may, it might be said it gives more consistency and you can get a clear application.

5. Front- end & Backend-

You can run Go code with the use of goper.js in the browser.  Yet, the truth of the matter is that the majority of the developers offer priority to the JavaScript front-end programming languages for client-side development. Go is favored more as the backend language and it gives high performance for developing concurrent applications. To the extent Node.js is concerned, you won’t discover any issues at all in switching to the client-side development.

6. Ease of Learning-

You should know that JavaScript is the most widely implemented coding and utilized language by overall developers. Along these lines, if you have great knowledge of the programming language, Node.js would be a simple rope to move with. In any case, regardless of whether you are a fresher, who has quite recently come into the field, there is sufficient assistance around as an enormous community ready to share their experience and other resources too. Also, the Go isn’t familiar programming language when compared with the Node.js. In this way, you need to prepare for learning a new language, which has its very own arrangement of rules and Goroutines with static typing proving to a difficult learning curve.

7. Tools-

Ready-made solutions encourage development and reduces expenses for web application development. A huge variety of development tools and frameworks is another motivation to pick Node.js. It is an event-based framework having microservices architecture. A microservices architecture implies that one application is separated into smaller modules with well-characterized operational interfaces so you can easily add new components to your application. Npm is the best things about Node.js. It includes nearly 800,000 ready building blocks that can install and run without any difficulty. Go has fewer tools as compared to Node.js. This can be clarified by the way that Go has a standard library with features that don’t need third-party support. But, Go has no built-in GUI library. Despite the fact that the quantity of Node.js tools far surpasses the quantity of Go tools, Go has such robust tools, for example, Gofmit, Godoc, GoMetaLiner, and Go run.

8. Community-

Both Node.js and Go are open source, which means the entire community is busy with improving these languages, fixing bugs, and making new proposals. Also, both Node.js and Golang have archives on GitHub. A huge community implies a lot of developers, making it simpler to find the correct expert. Node.js is a mature tool with a huge and lively open source community. The Node.js Foundation is geared for empowering widespread selection of Node.js. 

The Go community is much smaller yet continues growing each year. Google’s help is a very profound purpose behind moving to Go. 

Final Words- 

It is very difficult to state whether Node.js or Golang is better. It incredibly relies upon the type and characteristics of the application you need to make. Each task requires the correct tool, and Go and Node.js are great at various things.

While Go is ideal for microservices and enterprise-scale projects that need to deal with high loads, Node.js has an extraordinary variety of instant solutions for pretty much every development challenge so you can significantly lessen custom software development time.

Are you looking for a web development to boost your business? Then you are at the right place. We at Solace believe in benefits and effectiveness of using Node and Golang in development. Solace expert’s are well trained to use Node and Golang for effective development. To get a free quote for any web development, contact us. We are happy to help you get started through our expert’s.