10 Best IoT Programming Languages

The Internet of Things, or IoT, is a system of inter-related computing devices, mechanical and digital machines, objects or any physical devices that are provided with unique identifiers (UID’s)and the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring human- to- human or human- to- computer interaction. The Internet of things has came to existence due to occurrence of multiple technologies, real-time analytics, machine learning, commodity sensors, and embedded systems.

Languages used for IoT development are more or less the same when it comes to desktop apps, mobile apps, and servers. So it might seem like there’s no difference other than smart objects are like little computers. Although this is sort of true, there are some significant differences when it comes to all the things that make up IoT.

Most popular languages for IoT programming are C, C++, Java, JavaScript, Python, Assembly, B#, Parasail, Rust, Swift. Let’s see one by one.

Best IoT Programming Languages-

1. C-

  • C language is one of the most popular and important among all the lot programming languages. This language is the base for many other coding languages.
  • If you are thinking to embedded system, C is the best choice. It easily interacts with hardware and also it doesn’t require a lot of processing power.
  • Implementing a complex logic in C is easier than any other language and finding a C developer with much more experience is easier.
  • As per expert’s opinion C is the language for embedded systems programming. Its proximity to machine language makes it impressively fast.

2. C++-

  • If you want to go beyond of C for programming language, C++  should be your next choice.
  • C doesn’t have object oriented pre-processing power like C++. C++ is more layered with its objects, classes and abstractions.
  • It helps C++ developers to use other languages including C#, D,  Java and Python. But that’s just the tip of the iceberg as it encourages the use of many more languages. Thus helps to resolve a complex problem easily.

3. Java –

  • Java is the most popular coding languages among Iot programmers. This is true when it comes to consumer IoT (‘write it once’ and ‘Run anywhere’), but also has the capability to twist according to industrial IoT.
  • Java is a portable, object oriented language. It has rarely any hardware dependencies. For any hardware dependencies it uses hardware support library
  • Java is also a language that has taken coding techniques from Mesa, C, C++, and many others. Also, it’s popular to enable debugging code on a computer and then moving it to a chip via a Java Virtual Machine(JVM).

4. JavaScript-

  • Today, all HTML and Web browsers use JavaScript as their programming language. It has taken some bits and pieces from other languages(Python & C) so you can say that it is a scripting language  that shares other language libraries like java.
  • JavaScript plus pointers is easy to learn and  common language all over the Internet. Strong developer community is available for JavaScript and, plenty of video resources are available (tutorials, websites) to understand the language. So using JavaScript is not a challenging task.
  • JavaScript is present everywhere in web apps and websites and now web developers can easily move to IoT development without learning new languages.

5. Python-

  • For database apps, you can use Python. It is an easy programming language to understand and utilize in IoT projects.
  • Though Python is started as a scripting language to merge code together, it has emerged one of the primary languages used by a lot of developers.
  • Python is a good choice for an IoT app that requires readability and compact code. Flexibility allows distribution of compact executable code. Hence, any run-time compiler can run Python.
  • Small devices have limited computational power and memory, so developers had to be creative to make life easy, so they choose  Python.
  • Python’s clean syntax is great for database arrangement. Any app which requires data to be arranged in a database format and uses tables for data control, Python will be your right choice. It is more responsive and successfully executable next to C and C++.

6. Assembly-

  • If you want to keep your IoT applications compact, in such cases you can go with assembly language. Whether it is not more popular language but it is easy to use for compact IoT applications.
  • It’s a low-level programming language.
  • Assembler packages and assembles pure machine code efficiently to be executed by the processor.

7. B# –

  • B# is a small, efficient embedded control language. It can run on various platforms with only 24k memory, compared to overhead on other packages, this is less.
  • B# is specifically used for developing small applications and can use this language on multiple platforms using an Embedded Virtual Machine(EVM) that supports B#.

8. Parasail-

  • Parasail is good option when IoT application needs a language that supports parallel processing. But it is important for developers to understand the difference between concurrent and parallel processors.
  • It is an evolved, compiled and object-oriented language. Along with C, Java or Python syntax, you can program Parasail.

9. Rust –

  • Mozilla developed an open source language Rust, as Google’s Go. It is considered as the follower of Go, and is able to do some things that previous couldn’t.
  • To share information among different channels automatically Rust is useful. .
  • Rust is popular for concurrent programming.

10. Swift-

  • Swift is a popular language for developing IoS apps. Wherever you want to interact by iphones and ipads, you can use Swift in IoT.
  • As swift gets more popular, Apple also wants to lead in HomeIoT. in such cases company has been building infrastructure and libraries so it becomes easy for Swift developers to focus on the task.

Final Words-

All the above languages has their own role and are effective in their space area but that one will stand out which supports the end use of the application. Java is a programming language that is leading but it can change over time and according to the user perspective areas of functionalities. Best IoT Programming Languages are those, which can fulfill the user requirement efficiently and effectively.

At Solace, IoT Development is a strength of ours in which we take great pride. If you’re interested in adopting IoT for your business, then you might need some help getting started. You can hire dedicated developers from Solace and will help you by providing the solution that sets you on your way to business innovation. Connect with Solace and get a free quote for any IoT development. We will surely help to achieve your goal.

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