Choosing A Mobile App Development Framework Stack In 2021

With the advent of smartphones and their ever increasing usage, lots of entrepreneurs and business owners are using mobile apps for their business. Lots of benefits and features of mobile apps have compelled numerous organizations to change from web app to mobile app. Mobile app development is not that much simple as it looks. Whether it is hybrid app, native app or cross platform app, frameworks play a vital role in the mobile app development process because of the functionality and features it provides. There are lots of frameworks and development tools available in the market, but choosing the best one is crucial task. Here we’ll discuss the top mobile app development framework stack in 2021. Before digging to the framework stack, let see what is mobile app development framework stack.

What Is Mobile App Development Framework Stack?

Mobile development technology stack is a combination of programming languages, system libraries, tools, platforms and UI/UX solutions. Mobile app tech stack is divided into frontend development, backend development and development platform. Front end is an interface where client collaborates with mobile app, backend development takes the client input, measures it and converts it into result, development platform is where interfaces and libraries come into focus to build the mobile application.

Framework Stack For Mobile App Development In 2021-

1. Hybrid Application Tech Stack-

Hybrid app development is generally used for building apps on HTML5, CSS and JavaScript. These programs function similar to the websites and behave something in between regular apps and browser web pages. For hybrid app development, Cordova/Phonegap and Ionic frameworks are used. Let  us see each one in detail.

Phonegap-

It is an open-source tech stack for mobile app development that runs HTML and JS-based apps, and can with hardware features like GPS, speakers, accelerometer etc. PhoneGap has a powerful backend framework that accelerates development cycle and reduces developers efforts. It is the best android development software that allows you to build app for various stages like iOS, Android, Windows, Blackberry and Ubuntu. Phonegap was controlled by adobe system yet was allocated to Apache to keep it as open-source. It will allow developers to compose a single code app that is introduced as native apps on various devices.

Buildr, Health Tap, Wikipedia, Paylution, TripCase are some of the popular app built with PhoneGap.

Pros-

  • Free to use
  • Easy to develop apps for multiple platforms
  • Provides simple solution through native plugins
  • Highly customizable
  • Runs on command line in Node
  • Supported by Adobe
  • Easy to add packages

Cons-

  • Needs better backwards compatibility
  • Hard to configure VS Code apps
  • Tricky to measure graphics and animation performance
  • Emulators are slow performing

Ionic-

Ionic is ideal for building hybrid apps using web technologies Like HTML5 and CSS. It is a completely free and open-source system worked with Angular and Apache Cordova that allows developers to build up an app for three distinct platforms- Android, iOS and Windows. One of the most significant benefit of the Ionic system is that mobile app developers can use a few UI components like channels, list views, structures, activity sheets, route menus and tab bars in their app plan. It allows designers to grow high-performing and intuitive Hybrid, Progressive web apps and cross-platform mobile apps. 

Sworkit, Amtrak, GE Transportation, MarketWatch and Instant Pot are some of the  popular apps built with Ionic.

You can also know the reasons of- Why ionic framework is best for mobile app development?

Pros-

  • Strong community support
  • Easy and rapid development
  • Cordova Plugin
  • Attractive UI components
  • Framework compatibility
  • Complete control over app development

Cons-

  • Performance is lacking with native app
  • App debugging can be challenging
  • Builds can randomly crash
  • Plugin-dependent system

2. Cross-Platform Tech stack-

This approach guarantees the same interface and UX for two main operating systems. Cross platform app development implies using one code to build the app that would run on various stages- Web, iOS, Android. Many organizations chooses cross-platform app development for the way that they can work around more prominent demographics. React native, Flutter and xamarin are some of the best cross platform app development frameworks in 2021.

Flutter-

Flutter is a Google-powered tool for cross-platform development. It’s based on the Dart programming language and with its built-in widgets provides smooth and quick performance. Flutter is used to build apps for mobile from a single codebase. It gives a native experience to both the architect and end-client with great platform features like, routing, scrolling, symbols, text styles. Alibaba, Reflectly, GoogleAds, Cryptograph are some of the popular apps developed with Flutter.

Know the amazing new features of Flutter 2.0 at- Amazing New Features Of Flutter 2.0

Pros-

  • Separates UI from native controls
  • High performance
  • Hot reload feature
  • Fast Development
  • Mild learning curve
  • Fast rendering and full customization
  • Offers proper documentation

Cons-

  • Lack of third-party libraries
  • Large file sizes
  • No single guidelines

React Native-

React native is a framework based on Javascript or Typescript used for creating mobile apps. It exploits the same UI building blocks that are used in iOS and Android. It allows mobile app developers to build elite apps in limited build cycles with quicker deployment times, hence it is a budget-friendly alternative. React native is one of the best app design stack that gives a core set of platform-agnostic native segments like Text, Views, Images all planned to framework’s local UI building block. Facebook possesses React and that implies a huge pool of designers in functioning on online community which optimizes continuously.

Facebook, Soundcloud, UberEats, Airbnb, Instagram are some of the popular apps developed with React native.

Pros-

  • Third-Party plugin support
  • Great performance
  • Time and cost efficient
  • Native look and feel
  • shares codebase for iOS, android and web
  • Access to libraries and ready made solutions
  • Modular architecture
  • Simple UI

Cons-

  • No support for decimals
  • Hard to learn

Xamarin-

It is an open source framework for building hybrid mobile apps using .NET and C#. As it is microsoft product, it has in excess of 60000 designers and contributors alongwith great client service and detail documentation. With native UI, one can construct natively while giving a great client experience. Xamarin offers a development environment with backend, API, parts and so on. 

Outback Steakhouse, azure mobile app, alaska airlines, microsoft news app, UPS mobile app are some of the popular apps built with xamarin.

Pros-

  • Framework with visual studio
  • Shared app logic
  • Easy subscription plans
  • Go live within weeks

Cons-

  • Need some manual coding
  • Lack of community support
  • App overhead

3. Native App Development Tech Stack-

Native app development implies use of platform-specific programming languages, software development kits, development environments and other tools provided by OS vendors. Development of native app needs you to employ separate mobile app development technologies for each. Pokemon Go, Lyft are the apps that take the native approach.

Tech Stack For Android-

Kotlin-

It is a free, open source programming language initially developed for JVM and Android that consolidates object-oriented and useful programming features. Since its inception, Kotlin has become a top choice among app designers and proclaimed the second official android development language by Google. With Kotlin, you’ll get a clean code that saves 30% off code space contrasted with Java. 

Pros-

  • Easy to learn
  • Works with existing Java Code
  • HIghly productive
  • Reliable
  • Merges functional and procedural programming
  • Easy to maintained

Cons-

  • Limited sources to learn
  • Less kotlin professionals
  • Compilation Speed
  • Different from Java

Java-

It is the most popular and best programming language for android app development. You have a wide choice of tools and libraries to browse. Java applications are ordinarily accumulated to bytecode that can run on any Java virtual machine (JVM) instead of PC engineering. Syntax of Java is similar to C and C++ but has some low level facilities than them. Java runtime gives dynamic abilities that are generally not accessible in traditional compiled languages.

Pros-

  • Object-oriented
  • Platform independent
  • Multi-threaded
  • Simple
  • Robust
  • Secured

Cons-

  • Expensive
  • Less machine interactive
  • Huge memory consumption

Tech Stack For iOS-

Objective C-

You can use Objective C to develop software for iOS and OS X. Objective C acquires the language structure, primitive types and stream control statements of C and includes punctuation for classes characterization and techniques. Also it adds language-level help for object charting of board and article literals while giving powerful restricting and composing, conceding numerous suits until runtime. 

Pros-

  • Compatible with C and C++ programming languages
  • Well documented
  • Stable 

Cons-

  • Complicated syntax
  • Difficult to learn
  • Limited features

Final Words-

To build an effective app, it is very important to choose the correct stack language. The above mentioned tech stack will surely help you to choose the best one. If you are still confused about choosing the best tech stack for your next project, consult with Solace experts. We are here to help you through consultation and development. You can also hire android developers, ios developers, flutter developers of Solace team for an effective app development. Connect with Solace and get a free quote for effective app development that will raise your business to the next level. We will be happy to help you.

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